The USA witnessed a dip in the birth rate this year, similar to what was observed last year.
The lowest birth rate was recorded last year after 1979.
A Steady Decline In Birth Rates In The U.S. For A Second Consecutive Year
The drop has been persistent for six years, with 2020 being the lowest recorded data.
What the figure says
Identifying the cause behind such a decline still requires a lot of analysis.
Covid19 may act as contributing factor, but the evidence is not clear.
Nevertheless, figures from various sources indicate a sharp and steady descent in childbirths in the States.
According to the official figures of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the birth rate reduced by 4% in 2020 than it was in 2019.
The preceding years have seen a constant drop of 1-2% every year starting from 2015.
Factors working up the change
According to Brady Hamilton, the co-author of the CDC reports, the 4% decline is prominent and something unseen since 1979.
He implies the probability of covid-19 being a contributing factor. However, the extent of its impact s still unclear.
The Associated Press released another analysis based on facts from 25 states.
This showed that the maximum drop in the birth rate was observed in the 8 or 9 months following the initial covid-19 lockdown.
According to the study, the birth rates in December 2020, January, and February 2021 were 6.5%, 9.3%, and 10% lesser, respectively, than that of the same months of the previous year.
Alteration in the fertility profile of the community
The recent data of the CDC awaits finality. It is derived from the 99.99% birth details of 2020 that the National Center studied for Health Statistics.
The fertility rate of a country is defined by the number of births per 1000 women.
The lapse in the birth rate was more prominent among a few social groups than others.
The Asian and American-Indian communities reported a drop of 8% and 6%, similar to the native Alaskan community.
The Hispanic community saw a drop of 3%, and the White and the Black sections of the society witnessed a common 4% reduction.
The overall fertility rate of the U.S. was declined by 4% in 2020, which was a record low.
This was accompanied by a lowering of teenage deliveries by 8%, a trend that continues since 2007 with an average 7% dip every year.
The birth rate was exemplary low among the women of 20-24 years of age who recorded a 6% drop and 25-29 years of age who had a 4% drop.
Impact on the population
The total fertility rate of the United States has been reduced by 4%.
As a result of this, the birth per 1000 women has gone down to 1637.5.
This is much lower than the requisite rate of 2100 births per 1000 women. Such a recession in the birth rate can replace a generation.
The rate has persistently remained below the replacement requisite from 1979 until 2007.
C-section deliveries had also increased to 31.8% in 2020 then 31.7% in 2019.
Did localities have an impact on the declining birth rate
According to another CDC date, no such decline was observed among the population that lived outside New York City.
Contrarily there was an increase in natality between March to November in a comparison between 2019 and 2020.
Births among the white community outside New York City saw a doubling between April and May in 2020.
According to experts, the decline in birth rate can indicate a variety of factors, including the shortfall of food, housing, and employment among the social groups that have recorded the prominent decline.
The consequences of such a recessed birth rate on economics and society will be evident in future observations.