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Menopause; A New Phase Of Life

Menopause; A New Phase Of Life

Menopause is marked by the conclusion of the menstrual cycle in the life of a woman, it thus signifies a transition to a new stage in one’s life.

Menopause; A New Phase Of Life

Although it is not a health problem, it’s common to experience some issues and discomfort owing to the hormonal changes taking place in the body.

Contrarily, to some women, it may appear to be a time of liberation.

Menopause; A New Phase Of Life

Understanding menopause:

Menopause usually begins between the age of 40-58 years, while in the case of advanced countries, the average age for menopause is 51 years, and it can be much lower for individuals suffering from some medical conditions.

The majority of women experience certain symptoms during the time of menopause like hot flashes, night perspiration, dryness in the genital area, changes in mood, and anxiety.

It is important to note that some of these symptoms can emerge well before the actual menopause starts and can continue for few years even after the period of menopause is over.

The severity and how many of the symptoms one will experience depends on the general condition of health of the woman and her lifestyle choices.

Stages of menopause:

How each person experiences menopause varies widely from one person to another and it is largely dependent on lifestyle factors.

However, everyone goes through the stages of menopause in an almost similar manner.

The three phases of menopause are premenopause, menopause, and postmenopause.

Perimenopause is the time that starts before menopause, and ideally, it lasts for a period of 1 month leading up to the last menstrual cycle.

The period of menopause lasts for a period of 12 months after the last menstrual cycle or when the menstrual cycle has stopped suddenly for some clinical reason like surgical removal of the uterus and the ovaries.

Postmenopause refers to the years following menopause and it oftentimes overlaps with menopause, making it difficult to mark the conclusion of one and the beginning of the other.

Physical and mental changes one may experience during menopause:

It is common to experience certain physical and mental changes during the time of menopause that can persist for a long time, even after menopause.

Reduction in the estrogen level is one such symptom associated with menopause. The lower estrogen level reduces the fertility of the person. 

One can also notice an irregularity in their menstrual cycle, as they approach menopause, the menstrual cycle may become heavier, lighter, more or less frequent. This is oftentimes associated with dryness in the genital area, itchiness, and discomfort.

These symptoms can be managed by creams and lubricants that aim that relieving the discomfort.

Hot flashes, characterized by feeling a sudden sensation of heat particularly in the upper body, are also common. Such a sensation of heat can progress towards both the upper and the lower part of the body.

One can also notice perspiration at night and red patches on the skin accompanying the hot flashes.

Disturbances in the pattern of sleep, anxiety, and frequent need for urination are some of the other symptoms that an individual may experience during menopause.

How to cure the condition:

While talking about treatment, it is important to note that menopause is not a disease or any medical condition; it is a natural transition in one phase of life from another.

Hence most of the cures and treatments are focused on managing the discomfort and unease one experiences during this time.

Hormone therapy can help in restoring the balance of hormones in the body. It is done by administering a combination of synthetic progesterone and estrogen supplement in the body.

Over-the-counter creams and gels can help in relieving the discomfort of the genital areas, mild doses of anti-depressants can help in managing anxiety, depression, and hot flashes.

Adopting some lifestyle changes like exercising, limiting the consumption of alcohol, maintaining a good sleep regime, seeking the help of a counselor to manage the mental and emotional changes can also help an individual to have a smooth transition in the new phase of life with minimal unease.

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