Obesity is nothing but a medical condition where the fats get accumulated to the extent where it can harm human health. Obesity is related to many health disorders such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, and also osteoarthritis.
Weight Loss Surgery Reduces The Risk Of Cataracts
High Body Mass Index is considered a risk for the body even though it does not affect directly; this can be affected by diet, physical activity, and environmental factors. Patients with high obesity issues will be allowed to lose weight, and often they would be successful. But the long-term maintenance of the weight is quite difficult, and many of them won’t be able to pursue it.
There are different methods from which one can lose weight; some of them are physical exercise which includes yoga, hitting the gym, gymnastics, and many more. Other ways are through diet, medications, and surgery. The surgery which is used in weight loss treatment is Bariatric surgery; this is performed only when the diet and exercises do not work and there is a serious health complication. The studies also show that after bariatric surgery, the risk of cataracts can be lowered in that patient.
According to Swiss researchers, weight loss surgery in obese patients can reduce the oxidative stress on cells, cellular inflammation, and even prompt diabetes and high blood pressure reduction, and hence it is good for the health of the eyes. One of the weight loss surgeons reacted “wow” for the scientific observation. The obesity surgeon at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York said that the research shows that how you eat and the consequences of obesity impact every aspect of health.
Dr. Theresa Burkard of ETH Zurich and her team utilized the data from national health care registries in Sweden, which consisted of 22,500 people who had undergone obesity surgery between 2006 and 2019 and over 35,500 matched obese people who had not undergone any surgery. The age of the patients was between 40 to 79 years and followed for an average of 6 years. Even though the studies showed no cause and effect relationship, the researchers found out that there was a reduction of risk of cataracts by 29% in patients who had undergone weight-loss surgery when compared to the patients who had not.
The risk of developing cataracts was lowered in the age group of 40 to 79 years, and there is a chance of 50% to develop cataracts in that age, and it was reduced in the patients who had undergone bariatric surgery. Patients in the age group 60 years and more did not show any significant changes or reduction of risk of cataracts. The lower risk of cataracts is in the group of people whose has undergone the greatest weight loss. The researchers also mentioned that surgeries like gastric bypass or duodenal switch have more weight loss and less weight regain impact on cataract risk. These are also due to the procedures involved in these surgeries, alter eating to a greater degree, and offer more weight loss.
The Swiss team also observed no difference in the sexes reduction in the risk factors of cataracts. The researchers also mentioned that they offer hope against a common and debilitating eye condition. Cataracts are one of the leading causes of blindness, loss of vision. The symptoms of cataracts include blurry vision, difficulty in driving the vehicle at night, and also reading a text or newspaper. The only way to get rid of the cataracts is by cataract surgery which is quick and effective and is also low at risk.
The reports show that obesity is the major factor which helps develop cataract and reduction of obesity is directly proportional to the reduction of risk of cataract.